Vestibular neuritis is a common condition that is diagnosed with a significant percentage of the population. It can be diagnosed in anyone irrespective of age and gender. A person suffering from vestibular neuritis experiences spinning sensations known as vertigo. Living with such a condition is not an easy task as vertigo or dizziness spells appear without any warning signs. Simple activities like walking, running, jogging, etc. seem to be a tremendous task to accomplish.
A result of inflammation, disorder, or damage in the vestibular nerve present in the inner ear, that is responsible for sending sensory signals to the brain to regulate body balance is known as vestibular neuritis. Inflamed vestibular nerve results in interrupting the communication sent to the brain, thus resulting in making a person disoriented or experience a loss of equilibrium.
Within a few days, the condition starts improving and it takes up to three to four weeks for Vestibular neuritis symptoms to subside completely. However, a person suffering from vestibular neuritis experiences recurring episodes of vertigo spells for several months.
Simple viral infections such as measles, flu, mononucleosis, rubella, mumps, shingles, chickenpox, etc. are some of the common Vestibular neuritis causes. Such viral infections swell the vestibulocochlear nerve that results in making a person dizzy by interrupting in sensory signals. Bacterial infections can even result in vestibular neuritis, but the condition is rare.
Many people get confused between vestibular neuritis and labyrinthitis as both are associated with an inner ear condition. Both the conditions hold similarities as they occur due to inflammation in the vestibular nerves, but are still different.
It is advised to seek medical help at the right time as soon as you start experiencing any symptoms. Getting Vestibular neuritis treatment on time helps in alleviating the symptoms within a few days. An expert neurologist will carry a series of tests to examine the severity of the condition and would suggest the best Vestibular neuritis treatment accordingly. Your doctor will prescribe you the best vertigo medicine to ease spinning sensations and suggest some exercises as vertigo treatment that joins hands in early recovery. In this article, we have shared some of the best Vestibular neuritis treatments.
To know more about vestibular neuritis diagnosis and treatment options, read on!
Diagnosis of Vestibular Neuritis
If you are observing certain symptoms like dizziness, vertigo spells, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in concentration, or experiencing balance issues, it may indicate a more severe condition. It is advised to visit a doctor to get yourself diagnosed. An expert neurologist will ask you to undergo various tests such as MRI scans, hearing tests, vestibular tests, Videonystagmography (VNG), Video Head Impulse Test (vHIT), to examine which part of the vestibular nerve is damaged. Once you are diagnosed with vestibular neuritis, your doctor will advise you with the best Vestibular neuritis treatment as per the underlying cause responsible for developing such a condition.
Some best Vestibular Neuritis treatment options:
If you are suffering from vestibular neuritis due to viral infection, then your doctor may prescribe you certain antibiotics. Certain drugs like ondansetron and metoclopramide help in easing nausea. He may even suggest you with certain vertigo medicines such as Diphenhydramine, meclizine, lorazepam, diazepam to ease severe bouts of vertigo dizziness.
Some patients of vestibular neuritis experience severe nausea and vomiting, thus resulting in making a person feel dehydrated. In such cases, doctors generally recommend IV fluids to patients to treat such a condition.
Doctors may sometimes even recommend vestibular suppressants in acute cases. It suppresses the symptoms instead of alleviating it completely. Do not continue with vestibular suppressants for a prolonged period of more than three days, if it is not showing any effect. Consult the doctor before self-medicating or deciding.
- Physical balance therapy
If certain antibiotics fail to ease the condition and you are experiencing difficulty in maintaining balance or experiencing loss of equilibrium even after a few weeks, then your doctor may recommend a physical therapy program.
Before suggesting balance exercises, doctors will first evaluate the parts of the body such as legs, ears, eyes, and the body that affects the balance. As per the evaluation, doctors will customize physical balance exercises to treat the condition. Here are some physical balance exercises:
Balance exercise for all body
If your doctor will suggest balance exercise for the overall body as per your condition, he will ask you to stand and shift your body weight from forward to backward and from side to side.
Balance exercises for eye, ear and head
To practice balance exercises for eyes, ears and head, you need to focus your eyes on an object and keep your vision steady, while moving your head from one direction to the other.
It is advised to practice balance rehabilitation therapy exercises regularly at home at least twice or thrice a day for early recovery. Frequent repetition of these exercises helps the brain to adjust with movements that are responsible for causing dizzy spells. Your physical therapist will advise you with the right techniques and procedures to perform balance exercises safely at home.
- Vestibular rehabilitation therapy
Doctors may suggest vestibular rehabilitation therapy to treat vestibular neuritis after examining the condition closely. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy involves a set of exercises that requires gentle movements of the head and the body. Practicing certain exercises like Brandt-Daroff exercises helps in easing the symptoms of vestibular neuritis by allowing the brain to adjust to the movements. It is advised to perform certain exercises in the presence of another person as you may feel slightly dizzy just after completing the exercises, which will subside on their own within a few minutes.
To see improvements in the condition, it is advised to practice vestibular rehabilitation exercises daily for at least two to three times. You may experience changes in the condition and symptoms start subsiding completely within a month. It is advised to keep your body working during the recovery phase to regain balance as soon as possible.
Make health your priority. Seek medical help at the right time as soon as you start observing any vestibular neuritis symptoms. The right vestibular neuritis treatment and medicines help in alleviating symptoms at an expedited speed.