Open heart surgery is nothing less than a boon for heart patients. In today’s stressful times, heart diseases are spreading, they are also seen in the young to the elderly. If they are not treated at the right time, then the person can also die.
Although open heart surgery is being adopted by many people, there are some people who are unable to take advantage of this surgery due to lack of complete knowledge. If you are also involved in similar people, then you do not have to worry because you can get the necessary information about open heart surgery by reading this article.
What is open heart surgery
Open heart surgery refers to surgery in which the chest is opened surgically and surgery is performed on the heart muscle, blood carrier valves or arteries.
It is a heart surgery that is done to cure heart related problems like heart attack, coronary artery disease, etc.
However, there are several types of heart surgeries such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, etc., which are performed to address specific heart problems such as blood flow, cure heart disease, etc.
When is open heart surgery done?
Open heart surgery is mainly done in certain conditions, which are as follows – Coronary heart disease – When a person has coronary heart disease, in that case the doctor will give him open heart surgery. Recommend to do it.
Changing heart valves – When a person’s heart valve is damaged, open heart surgery is performed to replace it.
Fixing the defective part of the heart- Many times it has been seen that if some part of the heart becomes defective, then this surgery is done to correct it.
Healing donated hearts – As explained above, heart disease is treated through a number of surgeries. They also include Heart Transplant Surgery, in which a healthy heart is replaced with a bad heart, but when that donated heart becomes bad, this surgery is done to correct it.
How to prepare for open heart surgery?
Open heart surgery is a sensitive procedure that requires adequate preparation.
Some important works can be done for this, which are as follows-
Medical examination- Before performing open heart surgery, the doctor performs medical examination of the person, to confirm that the person is fit to perform this surgery and his body is capable of bearing the risks of this surgery.
Do not smoke – If a person is going to have open heart surgery recently, then the doctor advises him not to smoke because it can affect this surgery.
Bathing with soap- Often, doctors recommend a person to bathe with soap before this surgery as this sapon destroys the bacteria present in his body.
Do not get into the habit of alcohol- Before this surgery a person should not consume alcohol and if he drinks alcohol, he should give up this habit as the effect of alcohol can adversely affect his body, which results from this surgery. Can affect
How is open heart surgery done?
Open heart surgery mainly takes 3 to 6 hours, it involves some important steps which are as follows-
Step 1: Giving the person anesthesia- This surgery starts with giving the person anesthesia, so that the person does not have any kind of trouble during this whole procedure.
Step 2: Chest cut- After giving anesthesia to the person, a cut is made on his chest, which is 8 to 10 inches in size.
Step 3: Connecting the heart-lung bypass machine- After a cut on the chest of a person, he is attached to the heart-lung bypass machine so that he does not have trouble breathing.
Step 4: Using the Sacred Vein – After connecting the person to the Heart Lung Bypass, a healthy vein is used to create a new space around the block artery.
What precautions should be taken after open heart surgery?
Although open heart surgery has its own risks, some important precautions can be taken to reduce these, which are as follows-
Taking care of the cut- As explained above, during this surgery a cut is made in the person’s body. This cut takes some time to fill, so a person should take full care of it so that he does not face any kind of trouble.
Reducing pain- Like any other surgery, a person still has pain after open heart surgery. The person should take pain-relieving medicines in case of any kind of pain, but this step should be taken only on the advice of the doctor.
Getting enough sleep- Sleep has been identified by experts as the identity of a healthy person, that is why they force all people to get enough sleep (about 8 hours). The same applies to the person undergoing this surgery as he / she quickly recovers.
Eating nutritious- If a person has recently undergone open heart surgery, he should pay full attention to his diet.
Thus we hope that by reading this article you will have got complete information about open heart surgery.
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